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EU ETS Monitoring and Reporting Regulation


Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012 of 21 June 2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 181, 12.7.2012, p. 30 as amended) entered into force on 1 August 2012 and applies from 1 January 2013 (hereinafter referred to as "M&R Regulation" or "MRR").


Before the start of the third trading period of the EU ETS, monitoring and reporting rules were specified in Commission Decision of 18 July 2007 No 2007/589/EC establishing guidelines for the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 229, 31.8.2007, p. 1, as amended - hereinafter referred to as "MRG 2007").


M&R Regulation repeals the MRG 2007, the provisions of the said Decision will, however, continue to apply to the monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions and, where applicable, activity data occurring prior to 1 January 2013.


Covered entities should pay particular attention to the need to carry out necessary risk assessments required under the new M&R Regulation.


It is also noteworthy that M&R Regulation does not apply directly to installations excluded from EU ETS pursuant to Article 27 of Directive 2003/87/EC unless the Member State decides to the contrary.


Pursuant to the Guidance document No. 1 the M&R Regulation has been developed with view to enhancing EU-wide harmonisation of approaches beyond that already achieved by Member State implementation of MRG 2007. It also takes into account several best practices found in the Member States.  The Guidance document No. 1 enumerates the following new elements compared to the earlier MRG 2007:


- The central role of the monitoring plan for the whole MRV system has been further emphasised. For development of a new monitoring plan or for revision of an existing one, see section 5.1 of the Guidance document No. 1.


- The requirements for choosing the appropriate and required tier (the tier hierarchy) have been amended (see section 5.2 of the Guidance document No. 1), as well as the definitions for the source stream categories (major, minor and de-minimis source streams, see section 4.4 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- Important clarifications have been introduced regarding the role of written procedures, which supplement the monitoring plan with various details, but which are kept separate therefrom in order to facilitate their more frequent maintenance and implementation. This is described in section 5.4 of the Guidance document No. 1.


- The MRR has also introduced new rules for the process of updating the monitoring plan, as discussed in section 5.6 of the Guidance document No. 1. Furthermore the principle of continuous improvement of the monitoring plan has been strengthened by the MRR, including a requirement to react to recommendations of the verifier (see section 5.7 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- Further requirements in the context of the monitoring plan concern the evidence for meeting the specific tiers, including an uncertainty assessment as appropriate (see section 5.3), and the risk assessment necessary to establish an appropriate control system concerning the data flows of the installation (see section 5.5 of the Guidance document No. 1). These “supporting documents” must be submitted to the competent authority together with the monitoring plan.


- Some terminology has changed (“calculation factors” as an overarching term for emission factor, net calorific value, oxidation factor, conversion factor, biomass fraction, carbon content; and introduction of the “preliminary emission factor). For further details see section 4.3 of the Guidance document No. 1.


- Improved possibilities to combine the various allowed monitoring approaches, i.e. calculation-based approaches (standard and mass-balance methods), measurement-based approaches and the “fall-back” approach (i.e. no-tier methodology). In particular, measurement-based approaches have been put on equal footing with calculation-based approaches including in relation to minimum tier requirements (see section 4.3.5 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- When selecting a particular monitoring approach, and when deciding upon possible improvements thereof, the concept of avoiding unreasonable costs is crucial. The MRR has added clarification concerning interpretation of unreasonable costs (see section 4.6.1 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- When assessing the appropriateness of a measuring instrument for the determination of quantities of fuels and materials, the uncertainty of the measurement is the main parameter to check, and the MRR has introduced flexibility to allow several new approaches, including reliance on national legal metrological control where appropriate and possible (see section 5.3 of the Guidance document No. 1). The MRR has furthermore strengthened measures for securing regular maintenance, calibration and adjustment of metering equipment.


- The MRR uses the same definition for biomass, biofuels and bioliquids as the Directive on Renewable Energy Sources (RES-D). Consequently, the sustainability criteria established by the RES-D must be applied where relevant in order to apply an emission factor of zero to such biomass. Note that this topic is covered in detail in a separate guidance document (see section 2.3 of the Guidance document No. 1 for where to find other guidance documents).


- For cases where calculation factors are to be determined using laboratory analyses, the MRR contains two major new elements: The requirement to have a dedicated sampling plan (in the form of a written procedure) approved by the competent authority, and clarifications for criteria by which a laboratory can be regarded as equivalent to an EN ISO/IEC 17025 accredited laboratory (see section 6.2.2 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- Rules for transferred and inherent CO2 have been updated (see section 8.3 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- The interplay with the verification, as regulated by the new A&V Regulation, has been significantly improved. In particular, the rules for the data flow and control activities of operators have been elaborated, as shown in section 5.5 of the Guidance document No. 1, and the improvement principle establishes a feedback loop from the verifier’s findings to the operator’s monitoring plan (see section 5.7 of the Guidance document No. 1).


- Finally, the Guidance document No. 1 emphasises that the MRR sends a strong signal for harmonisation, as it has laid a basis for the European Commission to provide electronic templates for monitoring plans, emission reports and other communication between operators, verifiers and competent authorities. Those templates are published together with the series of guidance documents (see below). Member States may, however, provide their own templates or use more advanced electronic reporting systems (e.g. web-based systems), if they require at least the same data.


The M&R Regulation, like the MRG 2007, allow the operator to choose monitoring methodologies from a building block system based on different monitoring approaches. However, the MRR goes significantly beyond the flexibility of the MRG 2007, as now all types of combinations of these approaches are allowed, under the condition that the operator demonstrates that neither double counting nor data gaps in the emissions will occur. The choice of methodology needs the approval of the competent authority, which is given usually implicitly as part of the monitoring plan approval.


The following methodologies are available:

1. Calculation based approaches:

a. Standard methodology (distinguishing combustion and process emissions);

b. Mass balance;

2. Measurement based approaches;

3. Methodology not based on tiers (“fall-back approach”);

4. Combinations of approaches.


Guidance Document No. 1 underlines the basic philosophy in the MRV system of the EU ETS, that the biggest emissions should be monitored most accurately, while less ambitious methods may be applied for smaller emissions. The categorisation of installations under MRV system reflects this approach.





Tiers - data quality levels under the EU ETS M&R Regulation - overstated


Must every EU ETS installation operator be a risk manager now?


Legal effects of significant and non-significant changes to the monitoring plan - short guide


EU ETS cost/benefit analyses based on artificial and unrealistic assumptions


Sustainability criteria under the M&R Regulation as regards solid and gaseous biomass other than biogas for transport purposes – the ambiguities resolved by the clear-cut Guidance Document No. 3


Emission factor and sustainability of biomass under the new M&R Regulation



The source of the Guidance documents attached: the European Commission M&R website. See the said database for the full and actual M&R documentation and templates. 


See also:


FAQ on M&R in the EU ETS


FileDescriptionFile sizeLast Modified
Download this file (gd1_guidance_installations_en.pdf)gd1_guidance_installations_en.pdfGuidance document No. 1 - General guidance for installations 22/11/2012 718 Kb04/01/13 23:39
Download this file (gd2_guidance_aircraft_en.pdf)gd2_guidance_aircraft_en.pdfGuidance document No. 2 - General guidance for aircraft operators 11/10/2012543 Kb04/01/13 23:40
Download this file (t2_mp_aircraft_en.xls)t2_mp_aircraft_en.xlsTemplate No. 2: Monitoring plan for the emissions of aircraft operators 392 Kb04/01/13 23:41
Download this file (t2_mp_aircraft_tkm_en.xls)t2_mp_aircraft_tkm_en.xlsTemplate No. 3: Monitoring plan for the tonne-kilometre data of aircraft operators 372 Kb04/01/13 23:51
Download this file (gd3_biomass_issues_en.pdf)gd3_biomass_issues_en.pdfGuidance document No. 3 - Biomass issues 17/10/2012238 Kb04/01/13 23:52
Download this file (gd4_guidance_uncertainty_en.pdf)gd4_guidance_uncertainty_en.pdfGuidance document No. 4 - Uncertainty Assessment 11/10/20121023 Kb04/01/13 23:52
Download this file (gd5_sampling_analysis_en.pdf)gd5_sampling_analysis_en.pdfGuidance document No. 5 - Sampling and Analysis 11/10/2012713 Kb04/01/13 23:53
Download this file (tool_frequency_en.xls)tool_frequency_en.xlsFrequency of Analysis Tool 478 Kb04/01/13 23:53
Download this file (gd6_dataflow_en.pdf)gd6_dataflow_en.pdfGuidance document No. 6 - Data flow activities and control system 17/10/2012261 Kb04/01/13 23:54
Download this file (t1_mp_installations_en.xls)t1_mp_installations_en.xlsTemplate No. 1: Monitoring plan for the emissions of stationary installations 1657 Kb10/04/15 20:16
Comments (2)
2 Friday, 10 April 2015 20:36

(RW) - thanks! The file has been updated.

1 Friday, 10 April 2015 19:09
Download this file (t1_mp_installations_en.xls)t1_mp_installations_en.xls Template No. 1: Monitoring plan for the emissions of stationary installations 1132 Kb 04/01/13 23:40

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Last Updated on Friday, 10 April 2015 20:49



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