Article Index


The said interpretation is supported by the subsequent stipulations of the draft Commission Communication regarding CCS-ready definition. Pursuant to the document in question CCS-ready in particular requires ‘the demonstration of the economic feasibility of retrofitting an integrated CCS system to the full capacity of the facility, based on an economic assessment. The assessment should provide evidence of reasonable scenarios, taking into account CO2 prices forecasts, the costs of the technologies and storage options identified in the technical studies, their margins of error and the projected operating revenues. The assessment will indicate the circumstances under which CCS would be economically feasible during the lifetime of the proposed installation;’

The existing regulatory requirements for “CCS-ready installation’ have been stipulated in Article 9a of the LCP (Large Combustion Plants) Directive, which have been, in turn, added by Article 33 of the CCS Directive (the Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide and amending Council Directive 85/337/EEC, European Parliament and Council Directives 2000/60/EC, 2001/80/EC, 2004/35/EC, 2006/12/EC, 2008/1/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 (OJ L 140, 5.6.2009, p. 114)) and is repeated by the Article 36 of the new Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on industrial emissions (the IED Directive).

For other particulars see: ‘CCR (Carbon Capture Readiness) – the economic feasibility to retrofit for CO2 capture’.


So, the CCS-ready assessment should only ‘indicate the circumstances under which CCS would be economically feasible during the lifetime of the proposed installation’ – without the necessity to determine whether the circumstances at issue are highly probable or not (the condition that scenarios must be ‘reasonable’ notwithstanding).

However, those interested in the issue should refer to the entire wording of the ‘CCS-ready’ definition stipulated by the draft Commission Communication.


Another interesting feature of the draft Commission Communication is that the Commission specified the required CO2 capture rate in the CCS-ready installations at a level of 85 % or higher as part of the demonstration of the technical feasibility of retrofitting for CO2 capture (the exact wording: ‘A site-specific technical study should be produced showing in sufficient engineering detail that the facility is technically capable of being fully retrofitted for CO2 capture at a capture rate or 85 % or higher’).


For further specifications for the details of the eligible costs and maximum aid intensities refer to the point 3.2 of the draft Commission Communication ‘Investment aid to highly efficient power plants, including new power plants which are CCS-ready’.