According to Article 3(c) of the EU ETS Directive ‘greenhouse gases’ (GHGs) are the gases listed in Annex II to the said Directive and other gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, both natural and anthropo­genic, that absorb and re-emit infrared radiation.

 

Annex II to the EU ETS Directive enumerates the following greenhouse gases:

  • Carbon dioxide (CO2),
  • Methane (CH4),
  • Nitrous Oxide (N2O),
  • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs),
  • Perfluorocarbons (PFCs),
  • Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6).


As regards the Taxonomy Regulation's definition of 'greenhouse gas', Article 2(7) thereof cross-refers to a list in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change.

 

The latter Regulation is repealed, with some exceptions, with effect from 1 January 2021 by Article 57 of the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union.

 
The same Article 57 states however that "references to the repealed Regulation shall be construed as references to this Regulation and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table in Annex XIII".

 

The GHGs covered by Part 2 of Annex V of the said Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union are:

1. Carbon dioxide (CO2)

2. Methane (CH4)

3. Nitrous Oxide (N2O)

4. Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)

5. Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3)

6. Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs):

HFC-23 CHF3

HFC-32 CH2F2

HFC-41 CH3F

HFC-125 CHF2CF3

HFC-134 CHF2CHF2

HFC-134a CH2FCF3

HFC-143 CH2FCHF2

HFC-143a CH3CF3

HFC-152 CH2FCH2F

HFC-152a CH3CHF2

HFC-161 CH3CH2F

HFC-227ea CF3CHFCF3

HFC-236cb CF3CF2CH2F

HFC-236ea CF3CHFCHF2

HFC-236fa CF3CH2CF3

HFC-245fa CHF2CH2CF3

HFC-245ca CH2FCF2CHF2

HFC-365mfc CH3CF2CH2CF3

HFC-43-10mee CF3CHFCHFCF2CF3 or (C5H2F10)

7. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs):

PFC-14, Perfluoromethane, CF4

PFC-116, Perfluoroethane, C2F6

PFC-218, Perfluoropropane, C3F8

PFC-318, Perfluorocyclobutane, c-C4F8

Perfluorocyclopropane c-C3F6

PFC-3-1-10, Perfluorobutane, C4F10

PFC-4-1-12, Perfluoropentane, C5F12

PFC-5-1-14, Perfluorohexane, C6F14

PFC-9-1-18, C10F18.

 

Also the draft Regulation on the European Climate Law refers to this list as regards the Regulation's scope (Article 1).

 

 

 

 

 

IMG 0744

    Documentation    

 

 


 

EU ETS Directive, Article 3(c)
 

Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2020 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment, and amending Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 (Taxonomy Regulation), Article 2(7)

 

Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change and repealing Decision No 280/2004/EC

 

 

 

 

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