|The surrender of allowances initiated in error - the only reversible transaction pursuant to the draft of the Commission Regulation establishing a Union Registry of emission allowances|
|Monday, 05 September 2011 06:27|
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Initiating transactions and processes in the Union emissions registry after the new draft regulation enters into force will require careful consideration because the reversal of potential errors, mistakes and irregularities will be, in principle, legally and technically impossible.
Article 36(5) of the Regulation provides literally that during the 24-hour delay ‘an account representative may propose to the national administrator the cancellation of the transfer on the grounds of a suspicion that the transfer was initiated fraudulently’. Such a wording may create some doubts as regards the issue whether an account representative may propose to the national administrator the cancellation of the transfer on the grounds of a erroneously or mistakenly initiated transfer.
The technical consequence of the said question is that also the reversal of finalised processes initiated by the account holders in error will be significantly more difficult (and say it clear – impossible). It expressly follows from Article 64 of the Regulation that, taking into account the types of processes initiated by the common account holders, the possibility for such a reversal, in practice, is restricted to erroneously surrendered allowances. No other transactions will have the ability to be reversed.
(a) allocation of general allowances;
(b) allocation of aviation allowances;
(c) surrender of allowances;
(d) deletion of allowances.
but the allocation of allowances is the competence of Member States and the Commission and not of the ordinary account holders (operators and traders), and, in turn, the deletion of allowances (meaning ‘the definitive disposal of an allowance by its holder without accounting it against verified emissions’) would be, in principle, rather exceptional and rare process.
Specific conditions for reversal
Even as regards such a narrowly delineated scope for legally allowed reversal the Regulation lays down further multiple requirements.
The Union Registry accepts the proposal for reversal, blocks the units that are to be transferred by the reversal and forwards the proposal to the Central Administrator provided that all of the following conditions are met:
(a) the transaction to be reversed was not completed more than 30 working days prior to the account administrator's proposal for reversal;
(b) no operator would become non-compliant for a previous year as a result of the reversal;
(c) the destination account of the transaction to be reversed still holds the amount of units of the type that were involved in the transaction to be reversed;
(d) the transaction to be reversed was not yet followed up by a deduction in accordance with Article 52 of the Regulation from the minimum deposited quantity after an accounting transfer made on the basis of the transaction to be reversed;
(e) the allocation of general allowances to be reversed was carried out after the expiry date of the installation's permit.
The Commission should approve the proposal within 10 working days. The Central Administrator is obliged to ensure that the Union Registry completes the reversal with different units of the same unit type on the destination account of the transaction that is being reversed.
If an account holder or a national administrator acting on behalf of the account holder unintentionally or erroneously initiated one of the above-mentioned four types of transactions, it may propose to the administrator of its account to carry out a reversal of the completed transaction in a written request. The request should be duly signed by the authorised representative or representatives of the account holder that are authorised to initiate the type of transaction to be reversed and should be posted within five working days of the finalisation of the process. The request should contain a statement indicating that the transaction was initiated erroneously or unintentionally.
If the administrator of the account establishes that the request fulfils the above-mentioned conditions and the administrator agrees with the request, it may propose the reversal of the transaction in the Union Registry.