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Regional Operational Centres (ROCs)
European Union Electricity Market Glossary

 

 

Regional Operational Centres (ROCs) are bodies envisioned by the so-called "Winter Energy Package" and, in particular, Articles 21(6), 32 - 44, Recitals 33 - 37 and Annex I of the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the internal market for electricity (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 861 final 2016/0379 (COD).

 

Regional Operational Centres will be organised in a legal form stipulated in Article 1 of Directive 2009/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (for example, in United Kingdom in the form of companies incorporated with limited liability).

 

Regional Operational Centres are intended to complement the role of transmission system operators (TSOs) by performing functions of regional relevance.

 

The ROCs' role will, in particular, consist in the annual calculation of the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity taking into account the expected availability of interconnection and the likely concurrence of system stress between the system where the mechanism is applied and the system in which the foreign capacity is located.

 

Such a calculation will be required for each bidding zone border.

 

Pursuant to Article 8 of the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 863 final 2016/0378 (COD) the European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) is assigned the following tasks and competences as regards the Regional Operational Centres:

- monitoring and performance analyses,
- deciding on the ROC's configuration,
- requesting information from ROC's,
- issuance of opinions and recommendations.

 

It is particularly noteworthy that pursuant to Article 38(2) of the aforementioned draft Regulation Regional Operational Centres are granted the right to adopt binding decisions addressed to the transmission system operators in respect of the following functions:

- coordinated capacity calculation,

- coordinated security analysis,

- regional sizing of reserve capacity,

- calculate the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity in capacity mechanisms.

 

The draft regulation further stipulates that transmission system operators must implement the aforementioned binding decisions issued by the Regional Operational Centres except in cases when "the safety of the system will be negatively affected".

 

According to Article 39(3) of the draft Regulation, the request for revision shall not suspend such binding decision except in cases when the safety of the system will be negatively affected.

 

Under the 'Winter Energy Package' ENTSO for Electricity has the following tasks with respect to regional operational centres:

 

- adoption of a framework for the cooperation and coordination between regional operational centres,



- adoption a proposal defining the system operation region covered by each regional operational centre.

 

However, in the policy statement of 15 March 2017 "Key Recommendations for the Clean Energy Package", ENTSO-E has heavily criticised the European Commission's propositions, ENTSO-E, in particular, said: "having binding powers given to ROCs is incompatible with Member State responsibilities in terms of security of supply."

 

In the said document ENTSO-E added that the most troublesome elements of the proposed Regulation relate to:


- the geographical scope (regional) of reserve sizing is in conflict with the national legal framework: sizing of reserves is an essential element of secure system operation for which national TSOs are liable.


- the geographical scope of (regional) reserve capacity procurement may well not be the ideal geographical allocation for reserve capacity procurement.

 

ENTSO-E concludes that the decision on the amount of cross-border capacity for the participation of foreign capacity should be let to TSOs rather than assigned to Regional Operation Centres.

 

Draft report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European Parliament (ITRE) of 14 June 2017 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast) (COM(2016)0863 – C8-0494/2016 – 2016/0378(COD)) proposed to add a rule that the ACER may issue to ROCs not only opinions and recommendations (as the European Commission proposed) but also binding decisions.

 

According to the ITRE’s view, the compliance of ROCs, which operate beyond national borders, with their obligations under the legislation, is most effectively ensured by the ACER.

 

ITRE argues that when the Agency detects that ROCs do not comply, it should be able to intervene with a binding decision.

 

 

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the internal market for electricity (recast), Recitals 53 - 59

 

Recital 53

 

Coordination between transmission system operators at regional level has been formalised with the mandatory participation of transmission system operators in regional security coordinators. The regional coordination of transmission system operators should be further developed with an enhanced institutional framework via the establishment of regional coordination centres. The establishment of regional coordination centres should take into account existing or planned regional coordination initiatives and should support the increasingly integrated operation of electricity systems across the Union, thereby ensuring their efficient and secure performance. For that reason, it is necessary to ensure that the coordination of transmission system operators through regional coordination centres takes place across the Union. Where transmission system operators of a given region are not yet coordinated by an existing or a planned regional coordination centre, the transmission system operators in that region should establish or designate a regional coordination centre.

 

Recital 54

 

The geographical scope of regional coordination centres should allow them to contribute effectively to the coordination of the operations of transmission system operators across regions and should lead to enhanced system security and market efficiency. Regional coordination centres should have the flexibility to carry out their tasks in the region in the way which is best adapted to the nature of the individual tasks entrusted to them.

 

Recital 55

 

Regional coordination centres should carry out tasks where their regionalisation brings added value compared to tasks performed at national level. The tasks of regional coordination centres should cover the tasks carried out by regional security coordinators pursuant to the Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 as well as additional system operation, market operation and risk preparedness tasks. The tasks carried out by regional coordination centres should not include real-time operation of the electricity system.

 

Recital 56

 

In performing their tasks, regional coordination centres should contribute to the achievement of the 2030 and 2050 objectives set out in the climate and energy policy framework. 

 

Recital 57

 

Regional coordination centres should primarily act in the interest of system and market operation of the region. Hence, regional coordination centres should be entrusted with the powers necessary to coordinate the actions to be taken by transmission system operators of the system operation region for certain functions and with an enhanced advisory role for the remaining functions.

 

 

Recital 58

 

The human, technical, physical and financial resources of regional coordination centres should not exceed what is strictly necessary for the fulfilment of their tasks.

 

Recital 59

 

The ENTSO for Electricity should ensure that the activities of regional coordination centres are coordinated across regional boundaries.

 

 

 

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/942 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators, Recital 8

 

Because of the close interconnection of the Union electricity grid and the increasing need to cooperate with neighbouring countries to maintain grid stability and integrate large volumes of renewable energy, regional coordination centres will play an important role for the coordination of transmission system operators. ACER should guarantee regulatory oversight of the regional coordination centres where necessary.

 

 

 

 

Network Code on System Operation, Articles 76 - 78

 

Article 76

Proposal for regional operational security coordination

 

1. By 3 months after the approval of the methodology for coordinating operational security analysis in Article 75(1), all TSOs of each capacity calculation region shall jointly develop a proposal for common provisions for regional operational security coordination, to be applied by the regional security coordinators and the TSOs of the capacity calculation region. The proposal shall respect the methodologies for coordinating operational security analysis developed in accordance with Article 75(1) and complement where necessary the methodologies developed in accordance with Articles 35 and 74 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222. The proposal shall determine:


(a) conditions and frequency of intraday coordination of operational security analysis and updates to the common grid model by the regional security coordinator;


(b) the methodology for the preparation of remedial actions managed in a coordinated way, considering their cross-border relevance as determined in accordance with Article 35 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222, taking into account the requirements in Articles 20 to 23 and determining at least:


(i) the procedure for exchanging the information of the available remedial actions, between relevant TSOs and the regional security coordinator;


(ii) the classification of constraints and the remedial actions in accordance with Article 22;


(iii) the identification of the most effective and economically efficient remedial actions in case of operational security violations referred to in Article 22;


(iv) the preparation and activation of remedial actions in accordance with Article 23(2);


(v) the sharing of the costs of remedial actions referred to in Article 22, complementing where necessary the common methodology developed in accordance with Article 74 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222. As a general principle, costs of non-cross-border relevant congestions shall be borne by the TSO responsible for the given control area and costs of relieving cross-border-relevant congestions shall be covered by TSOs responsible for the control areas in proportion to the aggravating impact of energy exchange between given control areas on the congested grid element.


2. In determining whether congestion have cross-border relevance, the TSOs shall take into account the congestion that would appear in the absence of energy exchanges between control areas.

 

Article 77
Organisation for regional operational security coordination


1.   The proposal of all TSOs of a capacity calculation region for common provisions for regional operational security coordination pursuant to Article 76(1) shall also include common provisions concerning the organisation of regional operational security coordination, including at least:


(a) the appointment of the regional security coordinator(s) that will perform the tasks in paragraph 3 for that capacity calculation region;


(b) rules concerning the governance and operation of regional security coordinator(s), ensuring equitable treatment of all member TSOs;


(c) where the TSOs propose to appoint more than one regional security coordinator in accordance with subparagraph (a):


(i) a proposal for a coherent allocation of the tasks between the regional security coordinators who will be active in that capacity calculation region. The proposal shall take full account of the need to coordinate the different tasks allocated to the regional security coordinators;


(ii) an assessment demonstrating that the proposed setup of regional security coordinators and allocation of tasks is efficient, effective and consistent with the regional coordinated capacity calculation established pursuant to Articles 20 and 21 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222;


(iii) an effective coordination and decision making process to resolve conflicting positions between regional security coordinators within the capacity calculation region.


2.   When developing the proposal for common provisions concerning the organisation of regional operational security coordination in paragraph 1, the following requirements shall be met:


(a) each TSO shall be covered by at least one regional security coordinator;


(b) all TSOs shall ensure that the total number of regional security coordinators across the Union is not higher than six.


3.   The TSOs of each capacity calculation region shall propose the delegation of the following tasks in accordance with paragraph 1:


(a) regional operational security coordination in accordance with Article 78 in order to support TSOs fulfil their obligations for the year-ahead, day-ahead and intraday time-frames in Article 34(3) and Articles 72 and 74;


(b) building of common grid model in accordance with Article 79;


(c) regional outage coordination in accordance with Article 80, in order to support TSOs fulfil their obligations in Articles 98 and 100;


(d) regional adequacy assessment in accordance with Article 81 in order to support TSOs fulfil their obligations under Article 107.


4.   In executing its tasks, a regional security coordinator shall take account of data covering at least all capacity calculation regions for which it has been allocated tasks, including the observability areas of all TSOs in those capacity calculation regions.


5.   All regional security coordinators shall coordinate the execution of their tasks in order to facilitate the fulfilment of the objectives of this Regulation. All regional security coordinators shall ensure the harmonization of processes and, where duplication is not justified by reasons of efficiency or by the need to ensure continuity of service, the creation of joint tools to ensure efficient cooperation and coordination between the regional security coordinators.


Article 78
Regional operational security coordination


1.   Each TSO shall provide the regional security coordinator with all the information and data required to perform the coordinated regional operational security assessment, including at least:


(a) the updated contingency list, established according to the criteria defined in the methodology for coordinating operational security analysis adopted in accordance with Article 75(1);


(b) the updated list of possible remedial actions, among the categories listed in Article 22, and their anticipated costs provided in accordance with Article 35 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222 if a remedial action includes redispatching or countertrading, aimed at contributing to relieve any constraint identified in the region; and


(c) the operational security limits established in accordance with Article 25.


2.   Each regional security coordinator shall:


(a) perform the coordinated regional operational security assessment in accordance with Article 76 on the basis of the common grid models established in accordance with Article 79, the contingency list and the operational security limits provided by each TSOs in paragraph 1. It shall deliver the results of the coordinated regional operational security assessment at least to all TSOs of the capacity calculation region. Where it detects a constraint, it shall recommend to the relevant TSOs the most effective and economically efficient remedial actions and may also recommend remedial actions other than those provided by the TSOs. This recommendation for remedial actions shall be accompanied by explanations as to its rationale;


(b) coordinate the preparation of remedial actions with and among TSOs in accordance with Article 76(1)(b), to enable TSOs achieve a coordinated activation of remedial actions in real-time.


3.   When performing the coordinated regional operational security assessment and identifying the appropriate remedial actions, each regional security coordinator shall coordinate with other regional security coordinators.


4.   When a TSO receives from the relevant regional security coordinator the results of the coordinated regional operational security assessment with a proposal for a remedial action, it shall evaluate the recommended remedial action for the elements involved in that remedial action and located in its control area. In so doing, it shall apply the provisions of Article 20. The TSO shall decide whether to implement the recommended remedial action. Where it decides not to implement the recommended remedial action, it shall provide an explanation for this decision to the RSC. Where the TSO decides to implement the recommended remedial action, it shall apply this action for the elements located in its control area provided that it is compatible with real-time conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

IMG 0744

    Documentation    

 

 

 

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the internal market for electricity (recast), Recitals 53 - 59

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/942 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators, Recital 8

 

Network Code on System Operation, Articles 76 - 78

 

European Parliament, Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, Morten Helveg Petersen, Draft report on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast) (COM(2016)0863 – C8-0494/2016 – 2016/0378(COD)), 14 June 2017

 

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the internal market for electricity (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 861 final 2016/0379 (COD), Article 21(6), 32 - 44, Recitals 33 - 37 and Annex I

 

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the internal market for electricity (recast) on common rules for the internal market in electricity (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 864 final 2016/0380 (COD), Article 62

 

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 863 final 2016/0378 (COD), Article 8

 

Key Recommendations for the Clean Energy Package, ENTSO-E, 15 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Sunday, 08 September 2019 14:13
 

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