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Regional Operational Centres (ROCs)
European Union Electricity Market Glossary

 

 

Regional Operational Centres (ROCs) are bodies envisioned by the so-called "Winter Energy Package" and, in particular, Articles 21(6), 32 - 44, Recitals 33 - 37 and Annex I of the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the internal market for electricity (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 861 final 2016/0379 (COD).

 

Regional Operational Centres will be organised in a legal form stipulated in Article 1 of Directive 2009/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (for example, in United Kingdom in the form of companies incorporated with limited liability).

 

Regional Operational Centres are intended to complement the role of transmission system operators (TSOs) by performing functions of regional relevance.

 

The ROCs' role will, in particular, consist in the annual calculation of the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity taking into account the expected availability of interconnection and the likely concurrence of system stress between the system where the mechanism is applied and the system in which the foreign capacity is located.

 

Such a calculation will be required for each bidding zone border.

 

Pursuant to Article 8 of the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 863 final 2016/0378 (COD) the European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) is assigned the following tasks and competences as regards the Regional Operational Centres:

- monitoring and performance analyses,
- deciding on the ROC's configuration,
- requesting information from ROC's,
- issuance of opinions and recommendations.

 

It is particularly noteworthy that pursuant to Article 38(2) of the aforementioned draft Regulation Regional Operational Centres are granted the right to adopt binding decisions addressed to the transmission system operators in respect of the following functions:

- coordinated capacity calculation,

- coordinated security analysis,

- regional sizing of reserve capacity,

- calculate the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity in capacity mechanisms.

 

The draft regulation further stipulates that transmission system operators must implement the aforementioned binding decisions issued by the Regional Operational Centres except in cases when "the safety of the system will be negatively affected".

 

According to Article 39(3) of the draft Regulation, the request for revision shall not suspend such binding decision except in cases when the safety of the system will be negatively affected.

 

Under the 'Winter Energy Package' ENTSO for Electricity has the following tasks with respect to regional operational centres:

 

- adoption of a framework for the cooperation and coordination between regional operational centres,



- adoption a proposal defining the system operation region covered by each regional operational centre.

 

However, in the policy statement of 15 March 2017 "Key Recommendations for the Clean Energy Package", ENTSO-E has heavily criticised the European Commission's propositions, ENTSO-E, in particular, said: "having binding powers given to ROCs is incompatible with Member State responsibilities in terms of security of supply."

 

In the said document ENTSO-E added that the most troublesome elements of the proposed Regulation relate to:


- the geographical scope (regional) of reserve sizing is in conflict with the national legal framework: sizing of reserves is an essential element of secure system operation for which national TSOs are liable.


- the geographical scope of (regional) reserve capacity procurement may well not be the ideal geographical allocation for reserve capacity procurement.

 

ENTSO-E concludes that the decision on the amount of cross-border capacity for the participation of foreign capacity should be let to TSOs rather than assigned to Regional Operation Centres.

 

Draft report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European Parliament (ITRE) of 14 June 2017 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast) (COM(2016)0863 – C8-0494/2016 – 2016/0378(COD)) proposed to add a rule that the ACER may issue to ROCs not only opinions and recommendations (as the European Commission proposed) but also binding decisions.

 

According to the ITRE’s view, the compliance of ROCs, which operate beyond national borders, with their obligations under the legislation, is most effectively ensured by the ACER.

 

ITRE argues that when the Agency detects that ROCs do not comply, it should be able to intervene with a binding decision.

 

 

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the internal market for electricity (recast), Recitals 53 - 59, Article 30(2), Articles 35 - 47, Annex I

 

Recital 53

 

Coordination between transmission system operators at regional level has been formalised with the mandatory participation of transmission system operators in regional security coordinators. The regional coordination of transmission system operators should be further developed with an enhanced institutional framework via the establishment of regional coordination centres. The establishment of regional coordination centres should take into account existing or planned regional coordination initiatives and should support the increasingly integrated operation of electricity systems across the Union, thereby ensuring their efficient and secure performance. For that reason, it is necessary to ensure that the coordination of transmission system operators through regional coordination centres takes place across the Union. Where transmission system operators of a given region are not yet coordinated by an existing or a planned regional coordination centre, the transmission system operators in that region should establish or designate a regional coordination centre.

 

Recital 54

 

The geographical scope of regional coordination centres should allow them to contribute effectively to the coordination of the operations of transmission system operators across regions and should lead to enhanced system security and market efficiency. Regional coordination centres should have the flexibility to carry out their tasks in the region in the way which is best adapted to the nature of the individual tasks entrusted to them.

 

Recital 55

 

Regional coordination centres should carry out tasks where their regionalisation brings added value compared to tasks performed at national level. The tasks of regional coordination centres should cover the tasks carried out by regional security coordinators pursuant to the Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 as well as additional system operation, market operation and risk preparedness tasks. The tasks carried out by regional coordination centres should not include real-time operation of the electricity system.

 

Recital 56

 

In performing their tasks, regional coordination centres should contribute to the achievement of the 2030 and 2050 objectives set out in the climate and energy policy framework. 

 

Recital 57

 

Regional coordination centres should primarily act in the interest of system and market operation of the region. Hence, regional coordination centres should be entrusted with the powers necessary to coordinate the actions to be taken by transmission system operators of the system operation region for certain functions and with an enhanced advisory role for the remaining functions.

 

 

Recital 58

 

The human, technical, physical and financial resources of regional coordination centres should not exceed what is strictly necessary for the fulfilment of their tasks.

 

Recital 59

 

The ENTSO for Electricity should ensure that the activities of regional coordination centres are coordinated across regional boundaries.

 

Article 30(2)

 

The ENTSO for Electricity shall report to ACER on shortcomings identified regarding the establishment and performance of regional coordination centres.


Article 35

Establishment and mission of regional coordination centres

 

1. By 5 July 2020, all transmission system operators of a system operation region shall submit a proposal for the establishment of regional coordination centres to the regulatory authorities concerned in accordance with the criteria set out in this Chapter.
The regulatory authorities of the system operation region shall review and approve the proposal.


The proposal shall at least include the following elements:


(a) the Member State of the prospective seat of the regional coordination centres and the participating transmission system operators;


(b) the organisational, financial and operational arrangements necessary to ensure the efficient, secure and reliable operation of the interconnected transmission system;


(c) an implementation plan for the entry into operation of the regional coordination centres;


(d) the statutes and rules of procedure of the regional coordination centres;


(e) a description of cooperative processes in accordance with Article 38;


(f) a description of the arrangements concerning the liability of the regional coordination centres in accordance with Article 47;


(g) where two regional coordination centres are maintained on a rotational basis in accordance with Article 36(2), a description of the arrangements to provide clear responsibilities to those regional coordination centres and procedures on the execution of their tasks.


2. Following approval by regulatory authorities of the proposal in paragraph 1, the regional coordination centres shall replace the regional security coordinators established pursuant to the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009 and shall enter into operation by 1 July 2022.


3. Regional coordination centres shall have a legal form referred to in Annex II to Directive (EU) 2017/1132 of the European Parliament and of the Council (23).


4. In performing their tasks under Union law, regional coordination centres shall act independently of individual national interests and independently of the interests of transmission system operators.


5. Regional coordination centres shall complement the role of transmission system operators by performing the tasks of regional relevance assigned to them in accordance with Article 37. Transmission system operators shall be responsible for managing electricity flows and ensuring a secure, reliable and efficient electricity system in accordance with point (d) of Article 40(1) of Directive (EU) 2019/944.


Article 36

Geographical scope of regional coordination centres

 

1. By 5 January 2020 the ENTSO for Electricity shall submit to ACER a proposal specifying which transmission system operators, bidding zones, bidding zone borders, capacity calculation regions and outage coordination regions are covered by each of the system operation regions. The proposal shall take into account the grid topology, including the degree of interconnection and of interdependency of the electricity system in terms of flows and the size of the region which shall cover at least one capacity calculation region.


2. The transmission system operators of a system operation region shall participate in the regional coordination centre established in that region. In exceptional circumstances, where the control area of a transmission system operator is part of various synchronous areas, the transmission system operator may participate in two regional coordination centres. For the bidding zone borders adjacent to system operation regions, the proposal in paragraph 1 shall specify how the coordination between regional coordination centres for those borders is to take place. For the Continental Europe synchronous area, where the activities of two regional coordination centres may overlap in a system operation region, the transmission system operators of that system operation region shall decide to either designate a single regional coordination centre in that region or that the two regional coordination centres carry out some or all of the tasks of regional relevance in the entire system operation region on a rotational basis while other tasks are carried out by a single designated regional coordination centre.


3. Within three months of receipt of the proposal in paragraph 1, ACER shall either approve the proposal defining the system operation regions or propose amendments. In the latter case, ACER shall consult the ENTSO for Electricity before adopting the amendments. The adopted proposal shall be published on ACER's website.


4. The relevant transmission system operators may submit a proposal to ACER for the amendment of system operation regions defined pursuant to paragraph 1. The process set out in paragraph 3 shall apply.


Article 37

Tasks of regional coordination centres

 

1. Each regional coordination centre shall carry out at least all the following tasks of regional relevance in the entire system operation region where it is established:
(a) carrying out the coordinated capacity calculation in accordance with the methodologies developed pursuant to the capacity allocation and congestion management guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009;
(b) carrying out the coordinated security analysis in accordance with the methodologies developed pursuant to the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009;
(c) creating common grid models in accordance with the methodologies and procedures developed pursuant to the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009;
(d) supporting the consistency assessment of transmission system operators' defence plans and restoration plans in accordance with the procedure set out in the emergency and restoration network code adopted on the basis of Article 6(11) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009;
(e) carrying out regional week ahead to at least day-ahead system adequacy forecasts and preparation of risk reducing actions in accordance with the methodology set out in Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2019/941 and the procedures set out in the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009;
(f) carrying out regional outage planning coordination in accordance with the procedures and methodologies set out in the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009;
(g) training and certification of staff working for regional coordination centres;
(h) supporting the coordination and optimisation of regional restoration as requested by transmission system operators;
(i) carrying out post-operation and post-disturbances analysis and reporting;
(j) regional sizing of reserve capacity;
(k) facilitating the regional procurement of balancing capacity;
(l) supporting transmission system operators, at their request, in the optimisation of inter-transmission system operators settlements;
(m) carrying out tasks related to the identification of regional electricity crisis scenarios if and to the extent they are delegated to the regional coordination centres pursuant to Article 6(1) of Regulation (EU) 2019/941;
(n) carrying out tasks related to the seasonal adequacy assessments if and to the extent that they are delegated to the regional coordination centres pursuant to Article 9(2) of Regulation (EU) 2019/941;
(o) calculating the value for the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity in capacity mechanisms for the purposes of issuing a recommendation pursuant to Article 26(7);
(p) carrying out tasks related to supporting transmission system operators in the identification of needs for new transmission capacity, for upgrade of existing transmission capacity or their alternatives, to be submitted to the regional groups established pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 and included in the ten-year network development plan referred to in Article 51 of Directive (EU) 2019/944.
The tasks referred to in the first subparagraph are set out in more detail in Annex I.


2. On the basis of a proposal by the Commission or a Member State, the Committee established by Article 68 of Directive (EU) 2019/944 shall issue an opinion on the assignment of new advisory tasks to regional coordination centres. Where that Committee issues a favourable opinion on the assignment of new advisory tasks, the regional coordination centres shall carry out those tasks on the basis of a proposal developed by the ENTSO for Electricity and approved by ACER in accordance with the procedure set out in Article 27.


3. Transmission system operators shall provide their regional coordination centres with the information necessary to carry out its tasks.


4. Regional coordination centres shall provide transmission system operators of the system operation region with all information necessary to implement the coordinated actions and recommendations issued by regional coordination centres.


5. For the tasks set out in this Article and not already covered by the relevant network codes or guidelines, the ENTSO for Electricity shall develop a proposal in accordance with the procedure set out in Article 27. Regional coordination centres shall carry out those tasks on the basis of the proposal following its approval by ACER.


Article 38

Cooperation within and between regional coordination centres

 

The day-to-day coordination within and between regional coordination centres shall be managed through cooperative processes among the transmission system operators of the region, including arrangements for coordination between regional coordination centres where relevant. The cooperative process shall be based on:
(a) working arrangements to address planning and operational aspects relevant to the tasks referred to in Article 37;
(b) a procedure for sharing analysis and consulting on regional coordination centres' proposals with the transmission system operators in the system operation region and relevant stakeholders and with other regional coordination centres, in an efficient and inclusive manner, in the exercise of the operational duties and tasks, in accordance with Article 40;
(c) a procedure for the adoption of coordinated actions and recommendations in accordance with Article 42.


Article 39

Working arrangements

 

1. Regional coordination centres shall develop working arrangements that are efficient, inclusive, transparent and facilitate consensus, in order to address planning and operational aspects related to the tasks to be carried out, taking into account, in particular, the specificities and requirements of those tasks as specified in Annex I. Regional coordination centres shall also develop a process for the revision of those working arrangements.


2. Regional coordination centres shall ensure that the working arrangements referred to in paragraph 1 contain rules for the notification of parties concerned.


Article 40

Consultation procedure

 

1. Regional coordination centres shall develop a procedure to organise, in the exercise of their daily operational duties and tasks, the appropriate and regular consultation of transmission system operators in the system operation region, other regional coordination centres and of relevant stakeholders. In order to ensure that regulatory issues can be addressed, regulatory authorities shall be involved when required.


2. Regional coordination centres shall consult the Member States in the system operation region and, where there is a regional forum, their regional forums on matters of political relevance excluding the day-to-day activities of regional coordination centres and the implementation of their tasks. Regional coordination centres shall take due account of the recommendations of the Member States and where applicable, of their regional forums.


Article 41

Transparency

 

1. Regional coordination centres shall develop a process for stakeholder involvement and shall organise regular meetings with stakeholders to discuss matters relating to the efficient, secure and reliable operation of the interconnected system and to identify shortcomings and propose improvements.


2. The ENTSO for Electricity and regional coordination centres shall operate in full transparency towards stakeholders and the general public. They shall publish all relevant documentation on their respective websites.


Article 42

Adoption and review of coordinated actions and recommendations

 

1. The transmission system operators in a system operation region shall develop a procedure for the adoption and revision of coordinated actions and recommendations issued by regional coordination centres in accordance with the criteria set out in paragraphs 2, 3, and 4.


2. Regional coordination centres shall issue coordinated actions to the transmission system operators in respect of the tasks referred to in points (a) and (b) of Article 37(1). Transmission system operators shall implement the coordinated actions except where the implementation of the coordinated actions would result in a violation of the operational security limits defined by each transmission system operator in accordance with the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009.
Where a transmission system operator decides not to implement a coordinated action for the reasons set out in this paragraph, it shall transparently report the detailed reasons to the regional coordination centre and the transmission system operators of the system operation region without undue delay. In such cases, the regional coordination centre shall assess the impact of that decision on the other transmission system operators of the system operation region and may propose a different set of coordinated actions subject to the procedure set out in paragraph 1.


3. Regional coordination centres shall issue recommendations to the transmission system operators in relation to the tasks listed in points (c) to (p) of Article 37(1) or assigned in accordance with Article 37(2).


Where a transmission system operator decides to deviate from a recommendation as referred to in paragraph 1, it shall submit a justification for its decision to regional coordination centres and to the other transmission system operators of the system operation region without undue delay.


4. The review of coordinated actions or a recommendation shall be triggered at the request of one or more of the transmission system operators of the system operation region. Following the review of the coordinated action or recommendation, regional coordination centres shall confirm or modify the measure.


5. Where a coordinated action is subject to review in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Article, the request for review shall not suspend the coordinated action except where the implementation of the coordinated action would result in a violation of the operational security limits defined by each individual transmission system operator in accordance with the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009.


6. Upon the proposal of a Member State or the Commission and following consultation with the Committee established by Article 68 of Directive (EU) 2019/944, the Member States in a system operation region may jointly decide to grant the competence to issue coordinated actions to their regional coordination centre for one or more of the tasks provided for in points (c) to (p) of Article 37(1) of this Regulation.


Article 43

Management board of regional coordination centres

 

1. In order to adopt measures related to their governance and to monitor their performance, the regional coordination centres shall establish a management board.


2. The management board shall be composed of members representing all the transmission system operators that participate in the relevant regional coordination centre.


3. The management board shall be responsible for:
(a) drafting and endorsing the statutes and rules of procedure of regional coordination centres;
(b) deciding upon and implementing the organisational structure;
(c) preparing and endorsing the annual budget;
(d) developing and endorsing the cooperative processes in accordance with Article 38.


4. The competences of the management board shall exclude those that are related to the day-to-day activities of regional coordination centres and the performance of its tasks.


Article 44

Organisational structure

 

1. The transmission system operators of a system operation region shall establish the organisational structure of regional coordination centres that supports the safety of their tasks.
Their organisational structure shall specify:
(a) the powers, duties and responsibilities of the personnel;
(b) the relationship and reporting lines between different parts and processes of the organisation.


2. Regional coordination centres may establish regional desks to address sub-regional specificities or establish back-up regional coordination centres for the efficient and reliable exercise of their tasks where proven to be strictly necessary.


Article 45

Equipment and staff

 

Regional coordination centres shall be equipped with all human, technical, physical and financial resources necessary for fulfilling their obligations under this Regulation and carrying out their tasks independently and impartially.


Article 46

Monitoring and reporting

 

1. Regional coordination centres shall establish a process for the continuous monitoring of at least:
(a) their operational performance;
(b) the coordinated actions and recommendations issued, the extent to which the coordinated actions and recommendations have been implemented by the transmission system operators and the outcome achieved;
(c) the effectiveness and efficiency of each of the tasks for which they are responsible and, where applicable, the rotation of those tasks.


2. Regional coordination centres shall account for their costs in a transparent manner and report them to ACER and to the regulatory authorities in the system operation region.


3. Regional coordination centres shall submit an annual report on the outcome of the monitoring provided for in paragraph 1 and information on their performance to the ENTSO for Electricity, ACER, the regulatory authorities in the system operation region and the Electricity Coordination Group.


4. Regional coordination centres shall report any shortcomings that they identify in the monitoring process under paragraph 1 to the ENTSO for Electricity, the regulatory authorities in the system operation region, ACER and the other competent authorities of Member States responsible for the prevention and management of crisis situations. On the basis of that report, the relevant regulatory authorities of the system operation region may propose measures to address the shortcomings to the regional coordination centres.


5. Without prejudice to the need to protect security and the confidentiality of commercially sensitive information, regional coordination centres shall make public the reports referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4.


Article 47

Liability

 

In proposals for the establishment of regional coordination centres in accordance with Article 35, the transmission system operators in the system operation region shall include the necessary steps to cover liability related to the execution of regional coordination centres' tasks. The method employed to provide the cover shall take into account the legal status of regional coordination centres and the level of commercial insurance cover available.

 

ANNEX I

TASKS OF REGIONAL COORDINATION CENTRES

 

1. Coordinated capacity calculation

1.1 Regional coordination centres shall carry out the coordinated calculation of cross-zonal capacities.
1.2 Coordinated capacity calculation shall be performed for the day-ahead and intraday timeframes.
1.3 Coordinated capacity calculation shall be performed on the basis of the methodologies developed pursuant to the guideline on capacity allocation and congestion management adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009.
1.4 Coordinated capacity calculation shall be performed based on a common grid model in accordance with point 3.
1.5 Coordinated capacity calculation shall ensure an efficient congestion management in accordance with the principles of congestion management defined in this Regulation.


2. Coordinated security analysis

2.1 Regional coordination centres shall carry out a coordinated security analysis aiming to ensure secure system operation.
2.2 Security analysis shall be performed for all operational planning timeframes, between the year-ahead and intraday timeframes, using the common grid models.
2.3 Coordinated security analysis shall be performed on the basis of the methodologies developed pursuant to the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009.
2.4 Regional coordination centres shall share the results of the coordinated security analysis with at least the transmission system operators in the system operation region.
2.5 When as a result of the coordinated security analysis a regional coordination centre detects a possible constraint, it shall design remedial actions maximising effectiveness and economic efficiency.


3. Creation of common grid models

3.1 Regional coordination centres shall set up efficient processes for the creation of a common grid model for each operational planning timeframe between the year-ahead and intraday timeframes.
3.2 Transmission system operators shall appoint one regional coordination centre to build the Union-wide common grid models.
3.3 Common grid models shall be performed in accordance with the methodologies developed pursuant to the system operation guideline and the capacity allocation and congestion management guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009.
3.4 Common grid models shall include relevant data for efficient operational planning and capacity calculation in all operational planning timeframes between the year-ahead and intraday timeframes.
3.5 Common grid models shall be made available to all regional coordination centres, transmission system operators, ENTSO for Electricity and, upon request, to ACER.

 

4. Support for transmission system operators' defence and restoration plans with regard to the consistency assessment

4.1 Regional coordination centres shall support the transmission system operators in the system operation region in carrying out the consistency assessment of transmission system operators' defence plans and restoration plans pursuant to the procedures set out in the network code on electricity emergency and restoration adopted on the basis of Article 6(11) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009.
4.2 All transmission system operators shall agree on a threshold above which the impact of actions of one or more transmission system operators in the emergency, blackout or restoration states is considered significant for other transmission system operators synchronously or non-synchronously interconnected.
4.3 In providing support to the transmission system operators, the regional coordination centre shall:
(a) identify potential incompatibilities;
(b) propose mitigation actions.


4.4 Transmission system operators shall assess and take into account the proposed mitigation actions.


5. Support the coordination and optimisation of regional restoration

5.1 Each relevant regional coordination centre shall support the transmission system operators appointed as frequency leaders and the resynchronisation leaders pursuant to the network code on emergency and restoration adopted on the basis of Article 6(11) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009 to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of system restoration. The transmission system operators in the system operation region shall establish the role of the regional coordination centre relating to the support to the coordination and optimisation of regional restoration.
5.2 Transmission system operators may request assistance from regional coordination centres if their system is in a blackout or restoration state.


5.3 Regional coordination centres shall be equipped with the close to real time supervisory control and data acquisition systems with the observability defined by applying the threshold referred to in point 4.2.


6. Post-operation and post-disturbances analysis and reporting

6.1 Regional coordination centres shall investigate and prepare a report on any incident above the threshold referred to in point 4.2. The regulatory authorities in the system operation region and ACER may be involved in the investigation upon their request. The report shall contain recommendations aiming to prevent similar incidents in future.
6.2 Regional coordination centres shall publish the report. ACER may issue recommendations aiming to prevent similar incidents in future.


7. Regional sizing of reserve capacity

7.1 Regional coordination centres shall calculate the reserve capacity requirements for the system operation region. The determination of reserve capacity requirements shall:
(a) pursue the general objective to maintain operational security in the most cost effective manner;
(b) be performed at the day-ahead or intraday timeframe, or both;
(c) calculate the overall amount of required reserve capacity for the system operation region;
(d) determine minimum reserve capacity requirements for each type of reserve capacity;
(e) take into account possible substitutions between different types of reserve capacity with the aim to minimise the costs of procurement;
(f) set out the necessary requirements for the geographical distribution of required reserve capacity, if any.


8. Facilitation of the regional procurement of balancing capacity

8.1 Regional coordination centres shall support the transmission system operators in the system operation region in determining the amount of balancing capacity that needs to be procured. The determination of the amount of balancing capacity shall:
(a) be performed at the day-ahead or intraday timeframe, or both;
(b) take into account possible substitutions between different types of reserve capacity with the aim to minimise the costs of procurement;
(c) take into account the volumes of required reserve capacity that are expected to be provided by balancing energy bids, which are not submitted based on a contract for balancing capacity.
8.2 Regional coordination centres shall support the transmission system operators of the system operation region in procuring the required amount of balancing capacity determined in accordance with point 8.1. The procurement of balancing capacity shall:
(a) be performed at the day-ahead or intraday timeframe, or both;
(b) take into account possible substitutions between different types of reserve capacity with the aim to minimise the costs of procurement.


9. Week-ahead to at least day-ahead regional system adequacy assessments and preparation of risk reducing actions

9.1 Regional coordination centres shall carry out week-ahead to at least day-ahead regional adequacy assessments in accordance with the procedures set out in Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 and on the basis of the methodology developed pursuant Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2019/941.
9.2 Regional coordination centres shall base the short-term regional adequacy assessments on the information provided by the transmission system operators of system operation region with the aim of detecting situations where a lack of adequacy is expected in any of the control areas or at regional level. Regional coordination centres shall take into account possible cross-zonal exchanges and operational security limits in all relevant operational planning timeframes.
9.3 When performing a regional system adequacy assessment, each regional coordination centre shall coordinate with other regional coordination centres to:
(a) verify the underlying assumptions and forecasts;
(b) detect possible cross-regional lack of adequacy situations.
9.4 Each regional coordination centre shall deliver the results of the regional system adequacy assessments together with the actions it proposes to reduce risks of lack of adequacy to the transmission system operators in the system operation region and to other regional coordination centres.


10. Regional outage planning coordination

10.1 Each Regional coordination centre shall carry out regional outage coordination in accordance with the procedures set out in the system operation guideline adopted on the basis of Article 18(5) of Regulation (EC) No 714/2009 in order to monitor the availability status of the relevant assets and coordinate their availability plans to ensure the operational security of the transmission system, while maximising the capacity of the interconnectors and the transmission systems affecting cross-zonal flows.
10.2 Each Regional coordination centre shall maintain a single list of relevant grid elements, power generating modules and demand facilities of the system operation region and make it available on the ENTSO for Electricity operational planning data environment.
10.3 Each Regional coordination centre shall carry out the following activities related to outage coordination in the system operation region:
(a) assess outage planning compatibility using all transmission system operators' year-ahead availability plans;
(b) provide the transmission system operators in the system operation region with a list of detected planning incompatibilities and the solutions it proposes to solve the incompatibilities.


11. Optimisation of inter-transmission system operator compensation mechanisms

11.1 The transmission system operators in the system operation region may jointly decide to receive support from the regional coordination centre in administering the financial flows related to settlements between transmission system operators involving more than two transmission system operators, such as redispatching costs, congestion income, unintentional deviations or reserve procurement costs.


12. Training and certification of staff working for regional coordination centres

12.1 Regional coordination centres shall prepare and carry out training and certification programmes focusing on regional system operation for the personnel working for regional coordination centres.
12.2 The training programs shall cover all the relevant components of system operation, where the regional coordination centre performs tasks including scenarios of regional crisis.


13. Identification of regional electricity crisis scenarios

13.1 If the ENTSO for Electricity delegates this function, regional coordination centres shall identify regional electricity crisis scenarios in accordance with the criteria set out in Article 6(1) of Regulation (EU) 2019/941.
The identification of regional electricity crisis scenarios shall be performed in accordance with the methodology set out in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2019/941.
13.2 Regional coordination centres shall support the competent authorities of each system operation region upon their request in the preparation and carrying out of biennial crisis simulation in accordance with Article 12(3) of Regulation (EU) 2019/941.


14. Identification of needs for new transmission capacity, for upgrade of existing transmission capacity or their alternatives

14.1 Regional coordination centres shall support transmission system operators in the identification of needs for new transmission capacity, for an upgrade of existing transmission capacity or for their alternatives, to be submitted to the regional groups established pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 and to be included in the ten-year network development plan referred to in Article 51 of Directive (EU) 2019/944.


15. Calculation of the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity in capacity mechanisms

15.1 Regional coordination centres shall support transmission system operator in calculating the maximum entry capacity available for the participation of foreign capacity in capacity mechanisms taking into account the expected availability of interconnection and the likely concurrence of system stress between the system where the mechanism is applied and the system in which the foreign capacity is located.
15.2 The calculation shall be performed in accordance with the methodology set out in point (a) of Article 26(11).
15.3 Regional coordination centres shall provide a calculation for each bidding zone border covered by the system operation region.


16. Preparation of seasonal adequacy assessments

16.1 If the ENTSO for Electricity delegates this function pursuant to Article 9 of Regulation (EU) 2019/941, regional coordination centres shall carry out regional seasonal adequacy assessments.
16.2 The preparation of seasonal adequacy assessments shall be carried out on the basis of the methodology developed pursuant to Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2019/941.

 

 

 

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/942 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators, Recital 8

 

Because of the close interconnection of the Union electricity grid and the increasing need to cooperate with neighbouring countries to maintain grid stability and integrate large volumes of renewable energy, regional coordination centres will play an important role for the coordination of transmission system operators. ACER should guarantee regulatory oversight of the regional coordination centres where necessary.

 

 

 

 

Network Code on System Operation, Articles 76 - 78

 

Article 76

Proposal for regional operational security coordination

 

1. By 3 months after the approval of the methodology for coordinating operational security analysis in Article 75(1), all TSOs of each capacity calculation region shall jointly develop a proposal for common provisions for regional operational security coordination, to be applied by the regional security coordinators and the TSOs of the capacity calculation region. The proposal shall respect the methodologies for coordinating operational security analysis developed in accordance with Article 75(1) and complement where necessary the methodologies developed in accordance with Articles 35 and 74 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222. The proposal shall determine:


(a) conditions and frequency of intraday coordination of operational security analysis and updates to the common grid model by the regional security coordinator;


(b) the methodology for the preparation of remedial actions managed in a coordinated way, considering their cross-border relevance as determined in accordance with Article 35 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222, taking into account the requirements in Articles 20 to 23 and determining at least:


(i) the procedure for exchanging the information of the available remedial actions, between relevant TSOs and the regional security coordinator;


(ii) the classification of constraints and the remedial actions in accordance with Article 22;


(iii) the identification of the most effective and economically efficient remedial actions in case of operational security violations referred to in Article 22;


(iv) the preparation and activation of remedial actions in accordance with Article 23(2);


(v) the sharing of the costs of remedial actions referred to in Article 22, complementing where necessary the common methodology developed in accordance with Article 74 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222. As a general principle, costs of non-cross-border relevant congestions shall be borne by the TSO responsible for the given control area and costs of relieving cross-border-relevant congestions shall be covered by TSOs responsible for the control areas in proportion to the aggravating impact of energy exchange between given control areas on the congested grid element.


2. In determining whether congestion have cross-border relevance, the TSOs shall take into account the congestion that would appear in the absence of energy exchanges between control areas.

 

Article 77
Organisation for regional operational security coordination


1.   The proposal of all TSOs of a capacity calculation region for common provisions for regional operational security coordination pursuant to Article 76(1) shall also include common provisions concerning the organisation of regional operational security coordination, including at least:


(a) the appointment of the regional security coordinator(s) that will perform the tasks in paragraph 3 for that capacity calculation region;


(b) rules concerning the governance and operation of regional security coordinator(s), ensuring equitable treatment of all member TSOs;


(c) where the TSOs propose to appoint more than one regional security coordinator in accordance with subparagraph (a):


(i) a proposal for a coherent allocation of the tasks between the regional security coordinators who will be active in that capacity calculation region. The proposal shall take full account of the need to coordinate the different tasks allocated to the regional security coordinators;


(ii) an assessment demonstrating that the proposed setup of regional security coordinators and allocation of tasks is efficient, effective and consistent with the regional coordinated capacity calculation established pursuant to Articles 20 and 21 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222;


(iii) an effective coordination and decision making process to resolve conflicting positions between regional security coordinators within the capacity calculation region.


2.   When developing the proposal for common provisions concerning the organisation of regional operational security coordination in paragraph 1, the following requirements shall be met:


(a) each TSO shall be covered by at least one regional security coordinator;


(b) all TSOs shall ensure that the total number of regional security coordinators across the Union is not higher than six.


3.   The TSOs of each capacity calculation region shall propose the delegation of the following tasks in accordance with paragraph 1:


(a) regional operational security coordination in accordance with Article 78 in order to support TSOs fulfil their obligations for the year-ahead, day-ahead and intraday time-frames in Article 34(3) and Articles 72 and 74;


(b) building of common grid model in accordance with Article 79;


(c) regional outage coordination in accordance with Article 80, in order to support TSOs fulfil their obligations in Articles 98 and 100;


(d) regional adequacy assessment in accordance with Article 81 in order to support TSOs fulfil their obligations under Article 107.


4.   In executing its tasks, a regional security coordinator shall take account of data covering at least all capacity calculation regions for which it has been allocated tasks, including the observability areas of all TSOs in those capacity calculation regions.


5.   All regional security coordinators shall coordinate the execution of their tasks in order to facilitate the fulfilment of the objectives of this Regulation. All regional security coordinators shall ensure the harmonization of processes and, where duplication is not justified by reasons of efficiency or by the need to ensure continuity of service, the creation of joint tools to ensure efficient cooperation and coordination between the regional security coordinators.


Article 78
Regional operational security coordination


1.   Each TSO shall provide the regional security coordinator with all the information and data required to perform the coordinated regional operational security assessment, including at least:


(a) the updated contingency list, established according to the criteria defined in the methodology for coordinating operational security analysis adopted in accordance with Article 75(1);


(b) the updated list of possible remedial actions, among the categories listed in Article 22, and their anticipated costs provided in accordance with Article 35 of Regulation (EU) 2015/1222 if a remedial action includes redispatching or countertrading, aimed at contributing to relieve any constraint identified in the region; and


(c) the operational security limits established in accordance with Article 25.


2.   Each regional security coordinator shall:


(a) perform the coordinated regional operational security assessment in accordance with Article 76 on the basis of the common grid models established in accordance with Article 79, the contingency list and the operational security limits provided by each TSOs in paragraph 1. It shall deliver the results of the coordinated regional operational security assessment at least to all TSOs of the capacity calculation region. Where it detects a constraint, it shall recommend to the relevant TSOs the most effective and economically efficient remedial actions and may also recommend remedial actions other than those provided by the TSOs. This recommendation for remedial actions shall be accompanied by explanations as to its rationale;


(b) coordinate the preparation of remedial actions with and among TSOs in accordance with Article 76(1)(b), to enable TSOs achieve a coordinated activation of remedial actions in real-time.


3.   When performing the coordinated regional operational security assessment and identifying the appropriate remedial actions, each regional security coordinator shall coordinate with other regional security coordinators.


4.   When a TSO receives from the relevant regional security coordinator the results of the coordinated regional operational security assessment with a proposal for a remedial action, it shall evaluate the recommended remedial action for the elements involved in that remedial action and located in its control area. In so doing, it shall apply the provisions of Article 20. The TSO shall decide whether to implement the recommended remedial action. Where it decides not to implement the recommended remedial action, it shall provide an explanation for this decision to the RSC. Where the TSO decides to implement the recommended remedial action, it shall apply this action for the elements located in its control area provided that it is compatible with real-time conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

IMG 0744

    Documentation    

 

 

 

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the internal market for electricity (recast), Recitals 53 - 59, Article 30(2), Articles 35 - 47, Annex I

 

Regulation (EU) 2019/942 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators, Recital 8

 

Network Code on System Operation, Articles 76 - 78

 

European Parliament, Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, Morten Helveg Petersen, Draft report on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast) (COM(2016)0863 – C8-0494/2016 – 2016/0378(COD)), 14 June 2017

 

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the internal market for electricity (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 861 final 2016/0379 (COD), Article 21(6), 32 - 44, Recitals 33 - 37 and Annex I

 

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the internal market for electricity (recast) on common rules for the internal market in electricity (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 864 final 2016/0380 (COD), Article 62

 

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (recast), 30.11.2016, COM(2016) 863 final 2016/0378 (COD), Article 8

 

Key Recommendations for the Clean Energy Package, ENTSO-E, 15 March 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Last Updated on Saturday, 09 November 2019 14:47
 

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