Category: European Union Electricity Market Glossary




‘(N-1) situation’ means the situation in the transmission system in which one contingency from the contingency list occurred (Article 3(2)(15) of the Network Code on System Operation).




Article 35 of the Network Code on System Operation

Contingency handling

1.   Each TSO shall assess the risks associated with the contingencies after simulating each contingency from its contingency list and after assessing whether it can maintain its transmission system within the operational security limits in the (N-1) situation.

2.   When a TSO assesses that the risks associated with a contingency are so significant that it might not be able to prepare and activate remedial actions in a timely manner to prevent non-compliance with the (N-1) criterion or that there is a risk of propagation of a disturbance to the interconnected transmission system, the TSO shall prepare and activate remedial actions to achieve compliance with the (N-1) criterion as soon as possible.

3.   In case of an (N-1) situation caused by a disturbance, each TSO shall activate a remedial action in order to ensure that the transmission system is restored to a normal state as soon as possible and that this (N-1) situation becomes the new N-Situation.

4.   A TSO shall not be required to comply with the (N-1) criterion in the following situations:
(a) during switching sequences;
(b) during the time period required to prepare and activate remedial actions.

5.   Unless a Member State determines otherwise, a TSO shall not be required to comply with the (N-1) criterion as long as there are only local consequences within the TSO's control area.







IMG 0744






Network Code on System Operation, Article 3(2)(15), Article 35












(N-1) Criterion