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Energy poverty
European Union Electricity Market Glossary



A straightforward definition of energy poverty does not exist (ACER/CEER Annual Report of 22 October 2018 on the Results of Monitoring the Internal Electricity and Natural Gas Markets in 2017, Consumer Empowerment Volume).


The Third Energy Package only alludes to energy poverty, and the Electricity and Gas Directives do not defne specifc measures to protect vulnerable consumers.


It is left to the EU Member States to decide to what extent specific measures are introduced in the energy laws or whether this belongs to the remit of the general social security system.


The legislative Proposal Clean Energy for All Europeans contains clear actions to be undertaken and the EU Member States are required to monitor energy poverty as well as to take measures against it.


When preparing the national climate and energy plans under Article 3(3) of the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Governance of the Energy Union the EU Member States are required to assess the number of households in energy poverty taking into account the necessary domestic energy services needed to guarantee basic standards of living in the relevant national context, existing social policy and other relevant policies, as well as indicative European Commission guidance on relevant indicators for energy poverty.


In the event that the EU Member State finds that it has a significant number of households in energy poverty as supported by its assessment based on verifiable data, it must include in its plan a national indicative objective to reduce energy poverty.


Where available, those Member States concerned are required to outline in their plans policies and measures addressing energy poverty, including social policy measures and other relevant national programmes.





IMG 0744




Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Governance of the Energy Union, Article 3(3)


Christoph Strünck, Fighting Energy Poverty in Europe – Responses, Instruments, Successes






EU Energy Poverty Observatory





Last Updated on Friday, 07 December 2018 14:03


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