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Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (RES Directive)
European Union Electricity Market Glossary

 

 

 

 

Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (as amended by Directive (EU) 2015/1513) sets binding targets for the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the fnal energy consumption of each EU Member State.

 

These targets range from 10 % (Malta) to 49 % (Sweden) and amount to an EU share of at least 20 % RES in fnal energy consumption by 2020.

 

Furthermore, the RES Directive:

 

- sets the target of a 10 % share of RES in the transport sector by 2020 (limited progress so far in most Member States),


- introduces a series of cross-border cooperation mechanisms and joint projects to promote RES (low take-up so far in Member States), and


- sets out the EU sustainability criteria for biofuels.
 

In 2015 the RES Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) were amended (Directive (EU) 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources) to recognise and mitigate the negative environmental impact of the biofuels production on indirect land-use change and related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

 

These revisions enhanced the sustainability criteria for biofuels, more stringent requirements of reducing GHG emissions were also specified.

 

On 30 November 2016, the European Commission launched the Winter Energy Package, which included a recast of the Directive on the promotion of renewable energy sources (Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast) COM/2016/0767 final/2 - 2016/0382 (COD) - ‘RES Directive’).

 

It is intended to drive progress in meeting the goals of the 2030 EU Climate and Energy Framework, in particular the binding target of a 27 % EU share of RES in final energy consumption by 2030 set by the European Council in October 2014.

 

The European Council specifed that the 27 % target should be binding on the EU as a whole, but should be achieved without setting legally binding national targets, in order to provide more fexibility for Member States.

 

The recast RES directive provides guiding principles on future financial support schemes for RES, renewable energy self-consumption, renewable energy communities, and district heating and cooling systems.

 

The recast directive enhances mechanisms for cross-border cooperation, simplifes administrative processes and outlines measures to mainstream the use of RES in the transport and heating and cooling sector.

 

The recast directive strengthens the sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions savings criteria for biofuels.

 

According to the European Commission’s answer of 6 April 2017 to a written Parliamentary question (E-000661/2017) the proposal of the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive does not include any provisions providing support for crop-based biofuels.

 

Furthermore, it is proposed that the share of crop-based biofuels that could account towards the EU renewable energy target would gradually decrease to 3.8% in 2030.

 

Moreover the revised RES directive foresees some structural changes to the EU energy market legislation:

 

- all monitoring and reporting obligations are transferred to the proposed regulation on energy union governance, and

 

- provisions relating to grid access are transferred to the regulation on electricity markets.

 

 The recast directive would enter into force on 1 January 2021, when the existing RES Directive would be repealed.

 

The proposed transposition date for Member States is 30 June 2021.

 

 

 

 

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Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast) COM/2016/0767 final/2 - 2016/0382 (COD)

 

 

 

 

   

 

numbering blue   Financial support schemes

 

 

1. the EU Member States may apply support schemes so long as these avoid unnecessary distortions of electricity markets, take into account balancing and grid constraints, and respond to market signals through competitive tendering

 

2. retroactive changes to RES support schemes are forbidden

 

3. each year the EU Member States must open a minimum share of new support schemes to RES generated electricity from other EU Member States (10 % of new capacity 2021-2025, 15 % of new capacity 2026-2030)

 

4. the energy produced under these support schemes counts towards the Member States funding the installation

 

5. long-term schedules on expected financial support schemes must be published, they must cover at least the next three years and include the indicative timing, capacity sought and available budget

 

 

numbering blue   RES permit-granting procedure

 

  

1. maximum time for the processing of permits:

 

- three years for new capacity

 

- one year for requests related to repowering of existing renewable energy plants

 

- six months if such requests have no signifcant negative environmental and social impacts

 

2. a simple notifcation procedure for all new RES projects and installations with a capacity of under 50 kW seeking connection to the grid

 

3.  ‘one stop shops’ must be set up to coordinate the permit-granting process for new RES generation, transmission and distribution capacity

 

 

numbering blue   Heating and cooling sector

 

 

1. the share of renewable energy supplied for heating and cooling should be increased by at least 1 percentage point every year

 

2. data on the energy supplied for heating and cooling, including the proportion obtained from diferent RES, should be provided by the EU Member States

 

3. right for consumers to disconnect from inefficient district heating and cooling systems

 

 

numbering blue   Transport sector

 

 

1. fuel suppliers obliged to include a minimum share of energy derived from biofuels or biogas in the total transport fuels they supply for consumption or use on the market - at least equal to 1.5 % in 2021, increasing annually up to at least 6.8 % by 2030

 

2. at least 0.5 % of the fuel supply in transport must either come from advanced biofuels (also known as ‘second generation’ biofuels) produced from biomass, or from biogas produced from feedstock, this minimum share increases annually up to at least 3.6 % in 2030

 

3. a ceiling of 7 % set on the final energy consumption that is accounted for by biofuels produced from food or feed crops (the ceiling reduced annually to no more than 3.8 % in 2030)

 

4. although the EU Member States remain free to develop a higher share of such biofuels in their energy mix, the volumes above the ceiling do not contribute towards meeting their RES targets

 

5. the existing requirement for a 10 % share of biofuels in transport is removed

 

6. gas can be produced from renewable sources, whether of biological origin (‘biogas’) or non-biological origin (e.g. hydrogen fuel), such forms of renewable gas are considered RES and contribute towards calculating the share of RES in the final energy consumption, as well as become eligible for EU financial support schemes (guarantees of origin, etc.)

 

 

numbering blue  Sustainability and GHG emissions-saving criteria for biofuels, bioliquids and biomass

 

 

1. a new sustainability criterion for forest biomass

 

2. the required GHG emissions savings from biofuels and bioliquids increased to at least 70 % for installations starting operations from 2021 onwards, and at least 80 % for electricity, heating and cooling from biomass

 

3. the latter target would increase to 85 % for installations starting operations from 2026 onwards

 

4. existing or forthcoming installations would only need to meet the less stringent requirements of the existing RES Directive: at least 50 % for installations in operation before 5 October 2015; and at least 60 % for installations in operation from 5 October 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IMG 0744

    Documentation    

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 June 2018 - a political agreement on increasing renewable energy use in Europe was reached between negotiators from the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council 

 

Amendments adopted by the European Parliament on 17 January 2018 on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast) (COM(2016)0767 – C8-0500/2016 – 2016/0382(COD)), provisional edition

 

Renewable Energy Directive Target, IP/A/ITRE/2017-03, January 2018 

 

European Parliament, Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, Report of 6 December 2017 on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast) (COM(2016)0767 – C8-0500/2016 – 2016/0382(COD))

 

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast) COM/2016/0767 final/2 - 2016/0382 (COD)

 

Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC

 

Directive (EU) 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources

 

European Commission’s answer of 6 April 2017 to a written Parliamentary question (E-000661/2017)

 

Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) - Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC

 

Renewable energy progress report, 15.6.2015, {SWD(2015) 117 final} COM(2015) 293 final

 

European Parliament Briefing - Promoting renewable energy sources in the EU after 2020

 

Kononenko, V., Use of energy from renewable sources, Initial appraisal of a European Commission impact assessment, EPRS, June 2017

 

Erbach, G., Promotion of renewable energy sources in the EU, EPRS, June 2016

 

The impact of biofuels on transport and the environment, and their connection with agricultural development in Europe, Study for Transport and Tourism Committee, Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, European Parliament, February 2015

 

 

 

 

 

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    Links    

 

 

 

 

 

Promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, European Parliament, Legislative Observatory (OEIL)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Updated on Friday, 22 June 2018 22:09
 

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