|EU ETS Accreditation and Verification Regulation|
With the Accreditation and Verification Regulation - AVR - (Commission Regulation (EU) No 600/2012 of 21 June 2012 on the verification of greenhouse gas emission reports and tonne-kilometre reports and the accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council) for phase 3 (2013-2020) and beyond an EU-wide harmonised approach towards the accreditation of verifiers active under the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) has been introduced.
AVR entered into force on 1 August 2012 and applies from 1 January 2013 (emissions and, where applicable, activity data occurring prior to 1 January 2013 are to be verified pursuant to the requirements set out in Commission Decision of 18 July 2007 No 2007/589/EC establishing guidelines for the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 229, 31.8.2007, p. 1)).
The AVR introduces the model, where the verifiers are answerable to the accreditation body. Based on Article 65 of the AVR, EU Member States must also monitor the performance of their national accreditation bodies.
The characteristic feature of the new uniform accreditation system is mutual recognition of verifiers across all EU Member States.
According to the Report on the functioning of the European carbon market, accompanying the document Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and to the Council, Climate action progress report, including the report on the functioning of the European carbon market and the report on the review of Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide of 18 November 2015 (COM(2015) 576 final), p. 27), most EU Member States (28) reported that at least one foreign verifier is active in their territory.
Verifiers who are a legal person or a legal entity must be accredited by a National Accreditation Body in order to carry out verifications in compliance with the AVR.
Only in the case of a natural person may a Member State allow for certification as an alternative to accreditation. In practice, only one Member State has reported to have such system in place for certification, and only one verifier has been certified under that system.
Under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive, Member States are required to report the number of verifiers accredited per accreditation scope (defined by Annex I of the AVR, which creates a link to the activities listed in Annex I of the EU ETS Directive).
The aforementioned Report of 18 November 2015 refers to 1044 verifiers accredited across all scopes (given verifiers do multiple scopes, so this does not equal the total number of verifiers).
Possible administrative measures with respect to verifiers for non-compliance with AVR are suspension or withdrawal of the accreditation, or a reduction of the scope of accreditation.
Sanctions the EU Member States used so far, according to data referred to in the aforementioned Report of 18 Nove,beer 2015, were: one suspension of a verifier, one withdrawal of an accreditation, and six reductions of scope.
There are regulatory guidance documents available on the AVR issues.
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|Last Updated on Sunday, 10 April 2016 13:26|