Ozone layer protection
European Union Carbon Market Glossary

 


 

 

 

Montreal Protocol

 

 

The Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer was established by the international community in 1987 and entered into force in 1989.

 

The Protocol has been ratified by 197 Parties (including the EU and its Member States) and was the first universally ratified treaty in the history of the United Nations.

 

The purpose of the Montreal Protocol is to prevent certain man-made substances from depleting the ozone layer, which could lead to an increased level of ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth and impacting on human health, animals, plants, biogeochemistry, air quality and materials.

 

At the same time, most of these substances have high global warming potential and are contributory factors towards increasing the temperature of the Earth.

 

The particular purpose of the Protocol was to reduce the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS), inter alia, by envisaging reduction schedules both for developed and developing countries.

 

 

EU legislation

 

 

The EU legislation which ensures compliance with the obligations set out in the Montreal Protocol. is currently represented by the Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on substances that deplete the ozone layer (the ODS Regulation) and implementing instruments, in particular regarding:

 

- laboratory and analytical uses of ozone-depleting substances (Commission Regulation (EU) No 291/2011),


- process agent users (Commission Decision 2010/372/EU), and


- quota allocation procedures (Commission Regulation (EU) 537/2011).

 

The aforementioned legal acts have been preceded by the Council Decision that dates from 1980 and the Council Regulation adopted in 1988, which were replaced by updated legislation four times (in 1991, 1994, 2000 and 2009).

 

The ODS Regulation includes additional requirements and is more ambitious than the Montreal Protocol (for example, the ODS Regulation envisages quicker phase-out schedules and controls more ozone-depleting substances and more uses, the ODS Regulation controls substances not just in bulk, but also contained in products and equipment).

 

Substances controlled by the ODS Regulation are:

 

- ozone-depleting substances covered under the Montreal Protocol (over 90 chemicals plus their isomers),


- ozone-depleting substances not covered under the Montreal Protocol (5 additional chemicals).


The ODS Regulation controls these substances in the EU by prohibiting their uses except where alternatives are not feasible.

 

There are six exempted uses specified in the ODS Regulation:


- feedstock uses,


- process agent uses,


- essential laboratory and analytical uses,


- hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) other uses,


- quarantine and pre-shipment uses,


- critical uses.


The exempted uses are controlled and monitored by means of measures framed by the ODS Regulation.

It comprises the following types of measures:


- quota limitations,


- trade restrictions (e.g. licensing requirements),


- registry requirements for laboratories,


- reporting requirements (including illegal trade),


- phase-out schedules (target dates for phase-out will be spelled out in the evaluation),


- national inspection obligations (including illegal trade),


- technical requirements for destruction, leakage and emission control.


The recovery of the ozone layer to a concentration level existing before 1980 is not projected to take place before the middle of the 21st century.

 

 

 

 

 

IMG 0744

    Documentation    



 

 

 

Evaluation of the Ozone Regulation Ref. Ares(2017)3562786, 14.07.2017Ref. Ares(2017)3562786, 14.07.2017

 

Ozone-depleting substances 2015. Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union", September 2016, available on http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/ozone- depleting-substances-2015

 

Reports of Parties to the Montreal Protocol on annual production and consumption of ozone- depleting substances, available on http://ozone.unep.org/en/data-reporting/data-centre

 

Commission staff working document reviewing Regulation (EC) N° 2037/2000 on substances that deplete the ozone layer- Impact assessment accompanying the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and Council on substances that deplete the ozone layer (Recast) [COM(2008) 505 final] [SEC (2008) 2367], August 2008, available on http://eur- lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52008SC2366&from=EN

 

"Review of the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 2037/2000 on substances that deplete the ozone layer" December 2007, available on http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/environment/evaluation_reports.htm

 

"Ozone-depleting substances 2015. Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union", September 2016, available on http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/ozone- depleting-substances-2015

 

"Ozone-depleting substances 2015. Data reported by companies on the production, import, export, destruction, and use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union, 2015" (annual confidential report), September 2016

 

"Indicators for production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances", 2015, available on http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/production-and-consumption-of-ozone- 2/assessment-1

 

Reports of Parties to the Montreal Protocol on annual production and consumption of ozone- depleting substances, available on http://ozone.unep.org/en/data-reporting/data-centre

 

Progress & Quadrennial Assessment Reports of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel under the Montreal Protocol, available on http://ozone.unep.org/en/assessment-panels/technology- and-economic-assessment-panel

 

"Literature review on ODS (Ozone-Depleting Substances) measurement methods and data", 2015, available on https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/ozone/docs/literature_review_en.pdf

 

"Information paper on synergies between the Montreal Protocol and other International Agreements", March 2013, available on https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/ozone/docs/synergies_en.pdf

 

"Information paper on feedstock uses of ozone-depleting substances", December 2012, available on https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/ozone/docs/feedstock_en.pdf

 

"Further assessment of policy options for the management and destruction of banks of ODS and F-gases in the EU", March 2012, available on https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/ozone/docs/ods_f-gas_destruction_report_2012_en.pdf

 

"Identifying and assessing policy options for promoting the recovery and destruction of Ozone- Depleting Substances (ODS) and certain Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases (F-gases) banked in products and equipment", May 2010, available on https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/ozone/docs/ods_f-gas_destruction_report_en.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

clip2

    Links    

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements


 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 20 July 2017 19:10
 

Search

Copyright © 2009 - 2017 Michal Glowacki. All rights reserved.
The materials contained on this website are for general information purposes only and are subject to the disclaimer